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5 Essential Discus Drills To Improve Technique

demonstration of discus throw drills during the full turn

We’re going to cover 5 of the most important discus drills for the full throw (otherwise known as the spin).

These drills are incredibly effective for teaching beginners how to throw the discus.

They are equally effective for advanced throwers. This is because they reinforce the correct target positions and help prevent nervous system ruts (bad habits).

The practice progression and discus drills in this guide are an integral part of Brian Bedard’s throwing program at Colorado State University. For over 30 years, his program has produced several All-Americans, National Champions and Olympians.

To get the most out of these drills for discus throwers, they must be performed correctly.

That's why we’ve included video sections from Coach Bedard’s discus throw master class “Throwing Smarter, Throwing Farther.”

You’ll see each of the discus drills step-by-step and in slow motion.

You'll also learn why each drill is important for proper discus technique and how they relate to the throw.


  1. These instructions are for right handed throwers, for left handed throwers simply reverse.
  2. If you are not familiar with the stand throw (aka the power position), or want to learn more about, it check out this guide on. standing discus throw technique.
  3. These are discus drills for beginners and advanced throwers alike. Each drill can be performed indoors or outdoors.
  4. If you are in a rush and want to see the technique and discus drills in action, check out the video at the end of the article.

Discus Drill #1 - Finding the Balanced Position

The balanced position is when the thrower has the left armpit over the knee and the knee over the foot. This happens at the back of the ring on the first turn of the throw.

Why is it so important?

Because what a thrower does in the back of the ring will have a massive impact on what they do in the front.

Hitting the correct balanced position enables the thrower to maintain proper posture in the subsequent positions.

It also promotes the proper rhythm of the discus throw. Which is a controlled acceleration throughout the turn.

Successful throwers have great entry mechanics.

In the video below Olympian Casey Malone demonstrates what happens when you fail to hit the balanced position.

Being off balance or in the wrong position at the back of the ring will hurt every single technical element of the discus throw.  

Common errors that occur when a thrower has poor entry mechanics include:

  1. Losing the upper and lower body separation so the thrower won’t be able to maximize power from the lower body.
  2. A shortened discus path which leads to a slower discus speed at release.
  3. Falling to the middle which leads to posture breakdowns and throws everything off. Falling to the middle also dramatically increases the chance of fouling.

The list could go on.

Suffice it to say that the first element of a great throw is being on balance out of the back.

At first glance this drill might seem simple. However, it's at the core of proper discus technique.

A discus thrower should be able to hit the balanced position in their sleep. It needs to be that automatic.

It's worth the time to put the reps in.

Even advanced throwers should continue to train their nervous system by hitting and holding this position.

The Goal: find and hold the balanced position

How to Perform the Balanced Position Drill

  1. Position - Without the discus. The athlete stands in the back of the ring with their back towards the sector.
  2. Posture - Legs are bent at about a quarter squat with hips engaged. Back should be straight, chest up. Athlete is on balls of feet.
  3. Arms - With a big wingspan (arms stretched out) the thrower takes a wind.
  4. Action - Without turning the head and upper body, the athlete slides their center of mass over their left leg.
  5. Result - The correct balanced position is armpit over knee over foot. Hold this position for 5 - 30 seconds for several repetitions.

Watch the video below to see the balanced position drill in action.

Discus Drill #2 - 360 Pivot Turn

Elite discus throwers are in control throughout the entire throw.

Driving or “sprinting” off the back of the ring, in control, and at the right time is paramount.

If a thrower is off-balance on the first turn, they are no longer in control of the throw.

Gravity is.

In the image below, Casey is completely on balance and in control. Notice the wide right leg sweep and position of his upper body.

demonstration of being on balance at the start of the discus throw

The 360 pivot turn  takes the first discus throw drill one step further. It really develops the ability to rotate on balance so an athlete can drive off the back at the correct moment.

This drill teaches the thrower to keep the upper body from moving ahead of the legs.

This drill also forces the athlete to be aware of the position of their right leg. If it's not wide enough they will typically have trouble completing a full turn.

The Goal: Complete a Slow, Controlled 360 Pivot on the Left Leg

How to perform the 360 Pivot Drill

  1. Position - Without the discus. The athlete stands in the back of the ring with their back towards the sector.
  2. Posture - Same as drill #1 - Quarter squat with hips engaged. Straight back, chest up, big wingspan.
  3. Action - Shift center of mass over left leg on ball of foot hitting the balanced position. Drive and rotate the left foot which continually to rotates throughout the drill.
  4. Technical Elements - The right leg should sweep wide and act as a counterbalance.
  5. Result - Complete a slow 360 turn, leading with the lower body. Have a soft touchdown with the right foot and return to the starting position.

Tip - it helps to think of driving the left knee down towards the center of the ring to initiate the movement.

Watch the video below to see the 360 pivot turn discus drill in action.

Discus Drill #3 - Tap Around

The tap around drill is a great exercise to continue to develop balance and control in the back of the ring.

Many throwers have an issue with impatience in the back of the ring during track meets.

The adrenalin is up, and they want to hit that big throw. This typically leads to a fast or over exaggerated wind.

This causes their body weight to shift off of the left.

They’ll open the throw with their upper body or head and fall to the middle. As soon as the upper and lower body separation is lost, it’s pretty much impossible to get it back.

The chances of delivering a good throw drop to about zero.

The picture below demonstrates what happens when a thrower leads with the head and upper body.

The athlete immediately begins falling to the middle. The power position at the end of the throw will be completely out of alignment.

casey malone demonstrating improper position starting the discus throw

That’s why implementing these types of discus footwork drills into your practice routine is so important.

They ingrain the proper technical elements. Often times "rising to the occasion" is actually falling to your level of training.

The tap around drill helps to build patience and reinforce the sensations of hitting the correct pivot turn position (aka step to the middle).

Head and chest up, discus back, correct shin angle and right foot placement etc.

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The Goal: 3 controlled taps around the ring and a step to the middle

How to perform the Tap Around Drill

  1. Position - Without the discus. The athlete stands in the back of the ring with their back towards the sector.
  2. Posture - Same as drill #1 - the step to the middle should resemble the pivot turn position.
  3. Action -
    • From the balanced position rotate ~ 90 degrees and tap the right foot down outside of the ring. Hold the correct posture and lead with the lower body.
    • Rotate another ~45 degrees and tap down the left foot.
    • Rotate a third time until both feet are close to parallel and facing the front of the ring.
    • Step to the middle hitting a good pivot turn position.
  4. Result - Complete the 3 taps and step to the middle under control. Lead with the lower body and maintain good posture throughout. Hit a solid pivot turn position.

Watch the video below to see the tap around discus drill in action.

Discus Drill #4 - Fluid Movement to the Middle

This drill combines the first 3 drills and approximates what the first turn should look like in the full throw.

The entire movement should be controlled and fluid. No jerks or sudden acceleration.

The left foot should continue to turn until the right foot touches down.

The lower body starts the movement and leads throughout. The step to the middle should be soft and under control.

As a coach you should be able to hear if the landing is too hard.

The discus arm should remain back with the right shoulder.

The Goal: Complete a fluid turn on the left with a soft step to the middle of the ring

How to perform the Fluid Movement to the Middle Drill

  1. Position - Without the discus. The athlete stands in the back of the ring with their back towards the sector.
  2. Posture - Same as drill #1 - the left shin angle should be low.
  3. Action -
    • From the balanced position, complete a full rotation on the left leading with the lower body.
    • The right leg should have a nice wide sweep.
    • Step to the middle with a soft touchdown.
  4. Result - A smooth complete first turn to the pivot turn position. Proper posture is maintained throughout the drill. Good leg bend, head and chest up, arms out. The athlete should not be bent over at the waist. The discus arm should be back and on stretch with the left arm out, acting as a counterbalance.

Watch the video below to see the fluid movement to the middle drill in action.

Discus Drill #5 - Fluid Full Turn

Proper discus footwork is something that needs to be second nature. The throw is over in a matter of seconds. You can’t think your way through the movements.

If a thrower hasn’t trained their nervous system to hit the key positions with their feet, it’s going to be very challenging to throw far. That’s why how an athlete practices is just as important as how much.

Simply going out and taking 30 or 40 “hard throws” isn’t going to get it done.

In fact, logging that many reps incorrectly will most likely take the thrower in the opposite direction. Nervous system ruts are difficult to break.

Watch the slow motion discus throw below. Casey Malone's footwork is the result of thousands of hours of practice. Even under the pressure of the Olympics he was able to execute almost perfect footwork.

This is the movement that the fluid turn drill is emulating up until the power position.

The fluid turn drill blends the other 4 drills together. It’s a great tool to dial in discus footwork. Like the previous drills, this one should be performed at a slow and controlled pace.

Athletes can go as slow as they want but they must be on balance and hit the target positions. Speed can be introduced later.

Of course great discus throwers have speed and power. But they also have outstanding balance, footwork  and the ability to hit the right positions. The last three items must come first.

The Goal: Complete a controlled fluid turn all the way to the power position

How to perform the Fluid Full Turn Drill

  1. Position - Without the discus. The athlete stands in the back of the ring with their back towards the sector.
  2. Posture - Same as drill #1 - make sure proper posture is achieved in the power position.
  3. Action -
    • From the balanced position, complete a full rotation on the left leg, leading with the lower body.
    • Wide right leg sweep to the center of the ring.
    • Step to the middle with a soft touchdown.
    • Continue rotation by bringing the left leg from the back of the ring to the front. The left leg should come close to the right leg (see tip below).
    • The left foot lands in an open position (the toe of the left foot lines up with the heel of the right). The thrower should be at the start of the power position.
  4. Result - The athlete should end up in a proper power position. Weight over the right leg, discus back on stretch. As with all of the drills - in control and balanced throughout the movement

Tip - A good cue for the lower body when moving from the pivot turn to the power position is “pinch with the left.”

The left leg should push off and then 'pinch' close to the right. If the left leg swings out wide, it will be slower to get to the front.

A slow left leg causes the upper body to catch up to the lower body. The thrower will lose tension which results in reduced power and distance.

Watch the video below to see the fluid full turn drill in action.

How to Practice Discus Drills

The great thing about all of these drills is they can be performed pretty much anywhere at any time.

If it’s snowing outside, no problem. A gym floor or even a garage will work.

If you are a coach working with several athletes, they are a great way to get a lot of reps in while developing proper technique.

For some of coach Bedard’s throwers, a practice might be 120 fluid turns to the power position. Once they master that, he might add a weighted vest and then eventually a weighted ball or discus.

You can also incorporate this sequence in your warm up prior to taking full throws.

An example would to have throwers perform each drill two times and then take a full throw.

You can customize the sequence and drill selection for specific throwers depending on their needs.

An example could be have an athlete perform two 360 pivot turns prior to every full throw.

If they have issues with landing hard in the middle, it could be 3 turns to the middle before every full throw etc.

In the video below coach Bedard shares some tips on how to implement these discus drills into your practice routine. 

Performing drills like the ‘fluid full turn’ isn’t as fun or immediately gratifying as throwing the discus.

But it’s the kind of drill that sets the stage for great performances. If throwers put in the time and repetitions, the results will come. 

The hundreds or thousands of hours spent on discus drills suddenly become worth it when a thrower wins a state championship, receives a scholarship or qualifies for the NCAA national championships.

To recap, this video shows you how to put all the discus training drills and technique together.

If you would like to learn more about Coach Brian Bedard's incredibly effective system for learning and coaching elite discus technique, check out his discus throw master class, Throwing Smarter, Throwing Farther.

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